Historický obzor

Volume 29, 2018
Number 1/2

Martin Šubrt (Ustav světovych dějin FF UK, Naměsti J. Palacha 2, 116 38, Praha 1; subrt117@seznam.cz)
British-Canadian Relations in the Years 1931–1940
, pp. 2–12.
This article analyses the development of political relations between Great Britain and Canada in the era between the Statute of Westminster in both countries (1931) and the signing of the defensive agreement in Ogdensburg between Canada and the United States of America (August 1940). The article discusses the attitude of both countries to the key events and developments of the period: The Great Depression, the Imperial Economic Conference in Ottawa (1932), the Imperial Conference in London (1937) and the threat of another world war. When the Second World War started in September 1939, Canada joined the war on the side of its mother country. The rapid changes, however, had made Canada move closer to the United States of America in the economic and military spheres.

Great Britain; Canada; William Lyon Mackenzie King; British-Canadian Relations; Canadian-American Relations; Commonwealth; Statute of Westminster; Ogdensburg Agreement

Roman Vondra (roman.vondra@centrum.cz)
Greatness and Fall of Spain in the Time of Count-Duke of Olivares
, pp. 12–25.
The study deals with the life and career of the Spanish politician Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel Ribera y Velasco de Tovar, Count of Olivares and Duke of San Lúcar la Mayor (1587–1645).
Castile; Aragon; Olivares; Spain; Habsburg Dynasty; 17th Century

Viktor Janák (Katedra historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 31, Plzeň, 306 14, janakv@khv.zcu.cz)
František Mikuláš Mlčoch – the Political Chameleon
, pp. 25–35.
In its introductory section this study provides basic information about the person of František Mikuláš Mlčoch, the period of his childhood, growing up in a military academy and finally his activities in the Czechoslovak Legions. The body of the study is focused on the political life of F. M. Mlčoch. It will focus on Mlčoch’s years in various political parties, especially on his inclination to the NSDAP and the subsequent establishment of his Socialist Czech Workers and Peasants Party. The thesis will also focus on the influence of F. M. Mlčoch and the National Socialist Czech Workers
and Peasants Party within the period of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Finally, the study will pay attention to the court process with F. M. Mlčoch.

František Mikuláš Mlčoch; National Socialist Czech Workers and Peasants Party; Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia; Collaboration

Michal Zourek (Metropolitní univerzita Praha, Dubečská 900/10, 100 31 Praha, Strašnice; GEHIGUE/Instituto Ravignani, Universidad de Buenos Aires. 25 de mayo 221, 2do piso, Buenos Aires (1002), Argentina; zourek@centrum.cz)
Gabriel García Márquez and his Reportages from behind the Iron Curtain
, pp. 36–43.
The study analyses the written testimonies left by the Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez describing his two journeys behind the Iron Curtain that he made in 1955 and 1957. These testimonies are interpreted in the context of the journeys of Latin American intellectuals to Eastern Europe as well as of the author‘s artistic and ideological direction. The feelings that real socialism left in him led Márquez to a definitive dismiss of the idea that the Soviet model might be a model to follow. The set of eleven reportages represents an ironic criticism of the Soviet system. However, the weight
of negative details is eased by frequent use of humour. This fact, together with the extraordinary narrative talent of the author, makes the articles timeless. This study aims to popularise these articles in the Czech context and at the same time to point out some of the previously unknown aspects of cultural relations of the Central and Eastern Europe with Latin America.

Gabriel García Márquez; Communism; Intellectuals; Eastern Europe; Czechoslovakia; Soviet Union; Poland; Hungary; East Germany

Volume 29, 2018
Number 3/4

Jiří Chalupa (Katedra romanistiky, Filozofická fakulta, Univerzita Mateja Bela, Tajovského 51, Banská Bystrica, Slovenská republika, 974 01, jchalu­paol@seznam.cz)
Several Observations on the Catalan Nationalism, pp. 50–62.

The article tries to examine the roots of Catalan nationa­lism and the path that has led the nationalists in Cata­lonia from the search for their national identity through a cultural renaissance in the mid­nineteenth century to the current situation in which already begins to clearly predominate an open separatism. Applying some theo­retical frameworks (e.g. Hobsbawm, Hroch, Eriksen, Kohn, etc.), we try to analyze the main phases of politi­cal nationalism in Catalonia: from the federalism through the high bourgeoisie nationalism and then the moderate left phase to the modern movement for autonomy. The core of the text revolves around the problem with possi­ble almost universal projection, i. e. the transformation of the rather moderate autonomic campaign into a radical independence mobilization, a process that has occurredwith surprising speed and intensity in the last ten years.

Nation; National Identity; Nationalism; Catalonia; Spain

Tereza Laipertová (Katedra historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 31, Plzeň, 306 14, laiperto@khv.zcu.cz)
Czech Cinematography in the years 1896–1939, pp. 63–74.

The work of the film industry has been a source of entertainment from its beginnings. The development of cinematography in the Czech lands was initially in the same way as in other European countries, the first works were silent films, from which the beginning of the 1930s began to sound film. During this period, Czech cinematography gained slightly from other European countries, as professional film studios equipped with state ­of ­the­ art technology began to be built here. At the end of the 1930s, great changes took place for Czech cinematography, which caused the occupation of the Nazis, who were aware of the power of this media and began to subordinate it to their needs.
Bohemia; Moravia; Cinema; 19–20th Century

Tereza Hmírová (Katedra historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 31, Plzeň, 306 14, hmirovat@khv.zcu.cz)
The Comparison of the Displacement of Czechs from Borderland 1938–1939 and the Post-war Transfer of Germans from Czechoslovakia. Part I.
, pp. 74–90.

After the World War I was founded the Czechoslovak Republic where Sudeten Germans created a quarter of total population. Their coexistence was not smooth and their variances culminated during the September 1938 and through a signing of Munich Agreement. Before that Czechs, Jews and democratic Germans started to leave the Czechoslovak borderland where they became offers of a violence and boycott of members of the Sudeten German Party. These people came to an inland of the second Czech­Slovak Republic which became a part of German Reich in March 1939. The Republic dealt with a help for refugees during this period. When the World War II began an exile government under the leadership of Edvard Beneš tried to gain a decision of powers about a transfer of Sudeten Germans from a renewed Czecho­slovak Republic after the war.

Migration; Czech­German Relations; Czechoslovak Borderland; Munich Agreement