Historický obzor

Volume 25, 2014

Number 1/2


Michal Wanner (Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic; michal.wanner@mvcr.cz)

The Trade between Russia and China in Kyachta and the Great Tea Road, 1689–1861, pp. 2–16.

Abstract

The aim of this study, which is based on published sources and the specialized literature, is the analysis of the trade between Russia and China in Kyachta and the Great Tea Road, 1689–1861. The author shows that the trade between Russia and China was reciprocally advantageous.
Keywords: Russia; China; Trade; Tea Road

Miroslav Šedivý (Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen; MirekSedivy@seznam.cz)
Austrian Empire and the Colonialism in the “Vormärz” Time
, pp. 16–21.
Abstract

The goal of the article, which is based on unpublished and published sources and the specialized literature, is to explain the reasons of the absence of colonial aspirations of the Austrian Empire during the so-called Pre-March Period from 1815 to 1848.
Keywords: Austrian Empire; Colonialism; Vormärz; Trade

Jan Hálek (Masaryk Institute and Archives of the CAS, v. v. i.; halek@mua.cas.cz)
The “Washington Affair” and the Fate of the First Czechoslovak Envoy in the United States Bedřich Štěpánek, pp. 22–33.
Abstract

The aim of this study, which is based on unpublished and published sources and the specialized literature, is the analysis of the “Washington Affair” and of the activity of the Czechoslovak envoy in the United States Bedřich Štěpánek.
Keywords: Czechoslovakia; the United States; Diplomacy; Diplomatic Service

Number 3/4

Jana Borodáčová (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; BorodacovaJana@seznam.cz)
Arthur Young – British Testimony about French Revolution
, pp. 50–61.
Abstract

The goal of the article, which is based on published sources and the specialized literature, is to explain the opinion of Arthur Young on the French Revolution. He wrote a political work “The example of France, a warning to Britain” (L’exemple de la France, avis à la Grande Bretagne) and criticized the development of revolutionary events in France.
Keywords: French Revolution; Arthur Young; Reform; Radicals

Jiří Hertel
The Spanish-Moroccan War, 1859–1860
, pp. 61–69.
Abstract

The study is based on the specialized literature and deals with the problem of the Spanish-Moroccan War in the years 1859–1860. It shows that the war has been an action of the Spanish foreign policy of Queen Isabel II.
Keywords: Isabel II of Spain; Foreign Policy; War; Spain; Morocco

Jan Kočvar (Military History Institute, Prague; jankocvar@seznam.cz)
The Relations of the Habsburg Monarchy and China until 1900
, pp. 69–80.

Abstract

In 1821, the first official Austrian mission arrived to China. In 1869, both countries concluded a treaty and established regular diplomatic relations; and since 1897, Austro-Hungarian representative in Beijing held the rank of Minister. During the struggle for concessions and spheres of influence in late 1890’s, Vienna seemed to be interested in acquiring a naval base in China. Nevertheless, Austrian activities and trade interests in the Far East remained limited, and Austria merely observed intrigues of others and did no harm to China.
Keywords: Habsburg Monarchy; China; Diplomatic Relations; Policy

Martin Urban (Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen; M_Urban@outlook.com)
The Balkan Wars
, pp. 80–90.
Abstract

The article analyses one of the last chapters of the international relations before 1914 – the Balkan Wars of 1912–1913. The Balkan Peninsula experienced huge changes during the conflict, which meant the collapse of the Ottoman rule in Europe. The article deals with the war events, the diplomacy and international questions related to the conflict. The author also describes the role of the most important personalities in the conflict and sets the Balkan Wars into the broader scope of the European history. The article is based on the relevant scientific literature and a research of unpublished documents in the Haus-, Hof- und Staatsarchiv in Vienna.
Keywords: Balkan Wars; Balkan Alliance; Diplomacy; International Relations; Ottoman Empire

Number 5/6

Martin Nejedlý (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; martin.nejedly@ff.cuni.cz)
Lace Decorated Dagger. About Power (Powerlessness) of the Paid Medieval Historian (Part I)
, pp. 98–107.

Abstract
The study is based on published sources and the specialized literature and deals with the problem of literary works from author Georges Chastelleain (1405−1475). He was a Burgundian chronicler and poet. Chastellain’s historical works are valuable for the accurate information they contain. As a poet he was famous among his contemporaries.
Keywords: Georges Chastellain; Chronicle; Burgundy; the Middle Ages

Miroslav Šedivý (Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen; MirekSedivy@seznam.cz)
Why Had August von Kotzebue to Die?
, pp. 108–116.

Abstract

The article, which is based on specialized literature, deals with the negative aspects of German nationalism around 1815 through the analysis of the motives of murdering German dramatist August von Kotzebue by a German nationalist Karl Ludwig Sand.
Keywords: August von Kotzebue; Karl Ludwig Sand; Metternich; Political Murder; German Nationalism

Vojtěch Szajkó (Faculty of Philosophy and Science, Silesian University in Opava, Vojta.Szajko@seznam.cz)
The Unfulfilled Ambitions of the Austrian Railways: Italian Campaign of the I. R. Army 1859
, pp. 117–130.
Abstract

The study is based on unpublished sources and the specialized literature and deals with the unfulfilled ambitions of the Austrian railways during the War in the year 1859. It shows that it was about a logistic failure of the Austrian Army and about a failure in Austrian railways.
Keywords: Austrian Railways; Italy; War; Army

Václav Horčička (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; vaclav.horcicka@ff.cuni.cz)
The Curious Nobility of Knights Píseckýs’ from Kranichfeld or Desire for Titles of Nobility
, pp. 130–133.
Abstract

The study is based on unpublished sources and the specialized literature and deals with the problem of the curious nobility of an aristocratic family, the Píseckýs’ from Kranichfeld. It shows that it was about an attempt to deceive the Austrian Ministry of Interior.
Keywords: Nobility; Austria-Hungary; Knight; Písecký from Kranichfeld

Tomáš Kminiak (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; TKminiak@gmail.com)
Policy of Détente and the Position of Nixon’s Administration to the Eastern Policy of Willy Brandt
, pp. 133–138.
Abstract

The study is based on unpublished and published sources and the specialized literature and deals with the analysis of the policy of Détente and the position of Nixon’s administration to the Eastern Policy (Ostpolitik) of the German Chancellor Willy Brandt.
Keywords: Détente; Nixon’s Administration; Eastern Policy; Willy Brandt

Number 7/8

Drahomír Suchánek (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; drahomir.suchanek@ff.cuni.cz)
The Downfall of the Papal State
, pp. 146–153.
Abstract

The study is based on the specialized literature and deals with the problem of the unification different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of the Kingdom of Italy (Risorgimento) and of the downfall of the Papal State.
Keywords: Unification of Italy; Papal State; Pius IX; France

Martin Nejedlý (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; martin.nejedly@ff.cuni.cz)
Lace Decorated Dagger. About Power (Powerlessness) of the Paid Medieval Historian (Part II)
, pp. 154–165.

Abstract
The study is based on published sources and the specialized literature and deals with the problem of literary works from author Georges Chastelleain (1405−1475). He was a Burgundian chronicler and poet. Chastellain's historical works are valuable for the accurate information they contain. As a poet he was famous among his contemporaries.
Keywords: Georges Chastellain; Chronicle; Burgundy; the Middle Ages

Martin Liška (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; martin-liska@seznam.cz)
Two Swedish Attempts to Bring Bremen under Control
, pp. 165–175.

Abstract
The article, which is based on unpublished and published sources and the specialized literature, deals with the two Swedish attempts to bring Bremen under control during the Thirty Years’ War. It concludes that the winner of the two attempts to bring the town under control was Bremen.
Keywords: Thirty Years’ War; Bremen; Sweden; Siege

Hana Králová (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; hankakralova@tiscali.cz)
The Rivalry between Prussia and Austria in the Year 1866 and Its Acceptance by the Contemporary Press
, pp. 175–183.
Abstract

The article, which is based on published sources, the specialized literature and the press, deals with the rivalry between Prussia and Austria in the year 1866 (The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks’ War) and its acceptance by the contemporary press.
Keywords: Prussia; Austria; 1866; Contemporary Press

Number 9/10

Pavel Vodička (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; pavel.vodicka@email.cz)
The Favourites of James I. Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset
, pp. 194–197.

Abstract
The study, which is based on published sources and the specialized literature, deals with the problem of the reign of the English and Scottish King James I (VI), namely with the activity of his favourite and an English politician Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset (1587–1645).
Keywords: James I; Robert Carr; England; 17th Century

Martin Nejedlý (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; martin.nejedly@ff.cuni.cz)
Lace Decorated Dagger. About Power (Powerlessness) of the Paid Medieval Historian (Part III)
, pp. 198–206.
Abstract

The study is based on published sources and the specialized literature and deals with the problem of literary works from author Georges Chastelleain (1405−1475). He was a Burgundian chronicler and poet. Chastellain's historical works are valuable for the accurate information they contain. As a poet he was famous among his contemporaries.
Keywords: Georges Chastellain; Chronicle; Burgundy; the Middle Ages

Aleš Skřivan SR. – Aleš Skřivan JR. (Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen; skrivan2@khv.zcu.cz; alesskrivan@hotmail.com)
Great Britain and the “Korea Game”
, pp. 207–215.

Abstract
This study presents and analyses the development of the struggle for influence in Hermit Kingdom. Korea was long time vassal state of the Chinese Empire. The interest of Japan and Russia in this country grew enormously in the last decades of the 19th century. Japan’s activities were connected both with the strategical, and with economic interests. The growth of Russian interest was connected with the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the respective decision was made in the year 1891. One of the main aims of the Russian policy of this time was to gain ice free port on the Korean or Manchurian coast. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role played by Great Britain in this Korean Game.
Keywords: Korea; Great Britain; Japan; Russia; Diplomacy

Karolína Schindlerová (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; schindlerova1@seznam.cz)
The Silesian Fief Principalities in the 17th and 18th Centuries
, pp. 216–223.
Abstract

The study is based on published sources and the specialized literature and deals with the problem of the Silesian fief principalities in the 17th and 18th centuries and their position in the framework of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Holy Roman Empire.
Keywords: Silesian Principalities; Habsburg Monarchy; Holy Roman Empire; Policy

Alena Vitáková (a.vitakova@seznam.cz)
The Resistance in Greece, 1941–1944
, pp. 223–231.
Abstract

The article, which is based on the specialized literature, deals with the analysis of the Resistance in Greece against the troops and rule of the Axis during the Second World War (in the years 1941–1944).
Keywords: Second World War; Resistance; Greece; 1941–1944

Number 11/12

Aleš Skřivan SR. – Aleš Skřivan JR. (Faculty of Philosophy and Arts, University of West Bohemia in Pilsen; skrivan2@khv.zcu.cz; alesskrivan@hotmail.com)
The Dawn of the Qing Empire. The Sino-Japanese War, 1894–1895
, pp. 242–257.

Abstract
The main aim of this study is to analyse the attitude of Great Powers, primarily Great Britain and Germany, to the Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), which was not only the milestone of the development in the Far East but also in general the milestone of the international relations. Japan became very important regional Power after the Shimonoseki Peace after the war. Simultaneously came to existence “second Eastern Question”, so was indicated the relation of the Great Powers and other states to the constantly weaker China.
Keywords: Great Britain; Germany; China; Japan; Diplomacy; War

Jakub Izdný (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; jakub.izdny@ff.cuni.cz)
An Implacable or Required Enemy? The Image of the Second Religion in Time of Christianisation of the Central Europe
, pp. 257–262.
Abstract

The study, which is based on published sources and the specialized literature, deals with the problem of Christianisation of the Central Europe in the 10th century.
Keywords: Religion; Christianisation; Central Europe; 10th Century

Jan Županič (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague; jan.zupanic@ff.cuni.cz)
Dreamer or Swindler? The Case of Alois Řídký
, pp. 262–265.

Abstract
The article, which is based on unpublished sources and the specialized literature, deals with the problem of Nobilitation in Austria-Hungary in the 19th century and with the case of Alois Řídký who was suffering from a mental illness.
Keywords: Nobilitation; Austria-Hungary; 19th Century

Drahomír Jančík – Tomáš Kalina (Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague, National Archive; drahomir.jancik@ff.cuni.cz, tomas.kalina@nacr.cz)
Spoils of War Practise of the Red Army in Czechoslovakia in the Years 1945–1946
, pp. 265–277.

Abstract
The study, which is based on unpublished and published sources and the specialized literature, deals with the spoils of War practise of the Red Army in Czechoslovakia in the years 1945–1946. It shows that the question of the Soviet spoils was not advantageous for Czechoslovakia.

Keywords: Red Army; Czechoslovakia; Soviet Union; Spoils